Inheritances aren’t income for federal tax purposes, whether you inherit cash, investments, or property. However, any subsequent earnings on the inherited assets are taxable, unless it comes from a tax-free source. Therefore, you must include the interest income in your reported income.
The Street’s recent article titled “4 Ways to Protect Your Inheritance from Taxes” explains that any gains that you receive when you sell inherited investments or property are usually taxable. However, you can also claim losses on these sales. State taxes on inheritances vary, so ask a qualified estate planning attorney about how it works in your state.
The basis of property in a decedent’s estate is usually the fair market value (FMV) of the property on the date of death. In some cases, however, the executor might choose the alternate valuation date, which is six months after the date of death—this is only available if it will decrease both the gross amount of the estate and the estate tax liability. It may mean a larger inheritance to the beneficiaries.
Any property disposed of or sold within that six-month period is valued on the date of the sale. If the estate isn’t subject to estate tax, the valuation date is the date of death.
If you are getting an inheritance, you might ask those that you are receiving it from create a trust to deal with their assets. A trust lets them pass assets to beneficiaries after death without probate. With a revocable trust, the grantor can remove the assets from the trust if necessary. However, in an irrevocable trust, the assets are commonly tied up until the grantor dies.
Let’s look at some other ideas on the subject of inheritance:
You should also try to minimize retirement account distributions. Inherited retirement assets aren’t taxable until they’re distributed. Some rules may apply to when the distributions must occur if the beneficiary isn’t the surviving spouse. Therefore, if one spouse dies, the surviving spouse usually can take over the IRA as their own. Required Minimum Distributions (RMDs) would start at age 72, just as they would for the surviving spouse's own IRA. However, if you inherit a retirement account from a person other than your spouse, you can transfer the funds to an inherited IRA in your name. You then must start taking RMDs the year of or the year after the inheritance, even if you're not age 72.
You can also give away some of the money. Sometimes it’s wise to give some of your inheritance to others. It can assist those in need, and you may offset the taxable gains on your inheritance with the tax deduction you get for donating to a charitable organization. You can also give annual gifts to your beneficiaries, while you're still living. The limit is $15,000 without being subject to gift taxes. This will provide an immediate benefit to your recipients and reduce the size of your estate. Speak with an estate planning attorney to be sure that you're up to date with the frequent changes to estate tax laws.
Reference: The Street (May 11, 2020) “4 Ways to Protect Your Inheritance from Taxes”